Population pharmacokinetics of ticagrelor and AR-C124910XX in patients with prior myocardial infarction.
The population pharmacokinetics of ticagrelor and its active metabolite AR-C124910XX were characterized following ticagrelor 60 mg or 90 mg twice daily oral long-term treatment in 4,426 patients with a history of myocardial infarction.
The ticagrelor and AR-C124910XX plasma concentration-time data were described by one-compartment models with first-order absorption or metabolite formation and elimination.
Systemic exposure to ticagrelor and AR-C124910XX were stable over time. Ticagrelor apparent clearance (CL/F) was 17 L/h for the 60-mg and 15.4 L/h for the 90-mg dose. The CL/F of AR-C124910XX was 11.1 L/h for the 60-mg and 9.95 L/h for the 90-mg dose. Both ticagrelor and AR-C124910XX CL/F were independently influenced by body weight, sex, age, smoking, and Japanese ethnicity. Female sex and age > 75 years were the only categorical covariates, having more than 20% effect on AR-C124910XX CL/F. Ticagrelor CL/F was 6% higher and 11% lower, whereas AR-C124910XX CL/F was 26% higher and 34% lower for patients weighing 110 and 50 kg, respectively, compared with an 83 kg patient.
The small differences in exposure to both ticagrelor and AR-C124910XX between demographic subgroups were in accordance with the consistent efficacy and safety outcomes observed across the population. The results were similar to those observed previously in patients with acute coronary syndromes.
Full Reference: Daniel Roshammar, Martin Bergstrand, Tomas Andersson, Robert F. Storey, and Bengt Hamren. “Population Pharmacokinetics of Ticagrelor and AR-C124910XX in Patients with Prior Myocardial Infarction.” International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, January 30, 2017. doi:10.5414/CP202748.
Link to full text: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28139972